Organic food includes all vegetables, fruits, meats and dairy products which are naturally produced void of genetic production, artificial chemicals, antibiotics and radiations. It exposes consumers to fewer pesticides-related diseases and has a less environmental impact during its production process. Research showed that organic food has a higher concentration of nutrients and reduced detectable pesticide residues.
However, there have been debates by the consumers on the advantages and disadvantages of using organic food.
Let’s start with why organic food is good for you;
It’s Good for Your Health.
Organic food is harvested when it is ripe without the help of machines or pesticides and therefore fresher and full of taste. Research suggests that organic crops have higher densities of antioxidants and other nutrients compared to non-organic crops.
The absence of preservatives in the foods such as meat helps you in your weight-loss efforts. It is produced without the addition of hydrogenated fats, which have been linked to heart diseases. It also helps the body produce more energy to the body, with reduced risk of diseases and disorders caused by chemicals during the production of food.
Its Production has Less Harm to The Environment
Organic farming has a less environmental impact than non-organic farming. This is because it involves a few amounts of chemicals and synthetic fertilizer that might directly harm soil, water sources and living things around. Organic farms tend to have higher soil organic matter content and lower nutrient losses, according to the Journal of Environmental Management. They contain more micro-organisms that protect the soil hence helping maintain global climate.
It Tastes Better
The naturally grown food contains healthy compounds and mineral salts that increase nutritional quality, unlike additives that might alter the taste, smell and nutritional values. A Study Published in 2014 indicates that the number of antioxidants in the organic food can enhance the taste of the food. It shows that antioxidant levels affect quality, taste, aroma and how the human senses detect a food’s unique flavour for the first time.
You Will be Free from Harmful Pesticides
Another reason you should use organic food is that it contains fewer pesticide residues, hence reducing your exposure to harmful pesticides. The food plays a great role in preventing terminal and life-threatening diseases, such as heart diseases and cancer. A study from the University of Newcastle suggests that organic food contains significantly higher concentrations of antioxidants compared to conventionally grown crops. Compared to traditionally grown food, the study shows that organic crops are up to 60% higher in a number of key antioxidants.
Despite the advantages, organic food has the number of reasons why you should think twice before going for it. These include:
It is Expensive
The traditional way of producing organic food has resulted in farmers producing less food with much labour. It requires a manual labour to pull out weeds (rather than using chemical weed killer) crop rotation and so forth, which elevate the cost of farming and hence higher price.
The high demand for organic food in the market and lower yield from farms is another factor that makes organic food expensive in the market.
Low Agricultural Yields Might Lead to Food Insecurity
With the increasing population, yields from farms need to increase as well. But due to the nature of organic food production, there is a low number of yields per acre, which might cause the shortage of food in the community. And with unexpected weather changes, there is clearly need to reconsider supporting of growing organic food without the help of technology.
Organic Food Won’t Last Long on Your Fridge
If you decide to go for organic food, you should keep in mind that you can not have it for the longest time without spoiling. This is because organic food does not have preservatives that will buy them enough time in your refrigerator. You will need to go to the grocery more than once in a week which might affect your budget and time.
Science Can’t Prove the Difference
Research indicates that there is no relevant evidence of the difference between organic and non-organic foods. Clinical Report by American Academy of Pediatrics shows clearly that there is no scientific evidence that supports any meaningful nutritional benefits or a well-published study that clearly indicate the health benefits or disease protections from eating organic food.
It is more likely that the production and consumption of organic food will continue in the future. The important thing to remember is that you should always maintain the balance of your diet as total organic diet may not necessarily provide you with the nutrients your body needs.